Environment, Development and Sustainability
Agricultural and Food Production Systems & Climate Change
Dr Claire Quinn at the School of Earth and Environment is currently working with an international team of researchers, funded by the Centre for Climate Change Economics and Policy, to integrate top-down quantitative and bottom-up qualitative assessments of the capacity for agricultural and food production systems to adapt to climate change. A special feature on Resilience and Vulnerability of Arid and semi-Arid Socio-Ecological Systems has been published in Ecology and Society, while current work is examining the impact of socio-economic status on vulnerability to climate change at different scales.
Climate Compatible Development Partnerships
This project led by Susannah Sallu and Andy Dougill brings together climate change and rural development researchers, NGO practitioners, private sector partners from climate finance sector and government staff from three African countries (Malawi, Tanzania and Zambia).
This research network aims to: 1) assess different practices in working with rural communities to assess the impacts and adaptations required to address climate change related problems experienced across sub-Saharan Africa; 2) facilitate the exchange of best practices in developing new multi-stakeholder public-private-research partnerships across different countries and stakeholder groups; and 3) strengthen links between, and develop research programme on the integration of climate change adaptation and mitigation for both policy and practice guidance.
Climate-Compatible Development Partnerships: Evaluating New Governance Systems for Valuing Ecosystem Services, Carbon Storage and Poverty Alleviation Benefits
This network comprises three PhD studentships focusing on evaluating new governance systems for valuing ecosystem services, carbon storage and poverty alleviation benefits in East and Southern Africa. The projects are working closely together to ensure innovative trans-disciplinary (ie. both inter-disciplinary and stakeholder-engaged) research approaches are developed and applied, with best practice insights shared within the network. Projects are linked to partner institutions from the private sector, government departments and NGOs.
Equitable Mitigation and Adaption
Professor Jouni Paavola at the School of Earth and Environment is currently working on a project on ‘Equitable mitigation and adaptation’. This research project investigates how and to what extent global, national and local interests are realised in mitigation and adaptation projects. The empirical research will focus on renewable energy projects implemented under the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) in India, which hosts the second largest number of CDM projects globally.
It is thus a timely attempt to critically evaluate the experiences of communities in a developing country of their participation in new global carbon markets. The research will also consider including emerging REDD projects into our study if that proves possible. For more information visit the project website.
Food Security, Adequate Care and Environmental Quality: development and testing of eco-nutrition guidelines for community actions in the context of climate change in Malawi & Tanzania
Dr Sussnnah Sallu works on this project which undertakes action-based research in collaboration with the Bunda College University of Malawi, Sokoine University of Agriculture and government ministries (Environment, Agriculture and Health) to investigate the relationships between environmental and human health.
It is using a participatory approach to devise, establish and test community scale interventions that promote more nutritious and climate resilient food systems in Tanzania and Malawi. Resulting Eco-nutrition guidelines aim to inform policy in these countries and beyond.
Professor Christopher Dent at East Asian Studies is currently conducting research on the development of East Asia’s renewable energy sector, renewable energies policies and what role they are playing in the broader theme of new low carbon development strategies in the region. This includes certain elements of China’s 12th Five-Year Plan (2011-2015), Japan’s New Growth Strategy and South Korea’s Green Growth Strategy.
Christopher Dent is currently writing a small book on this subject and has an article on the same theme appearing in The Pacific Review journal later in 2012. He is also currently working on the dynamics of East Asia’s energy diplomacy and its impact on Europe and globally.
Resilient pasts and sustainable futures? The social-ecological dynamics of East African landscapes in temporal, spatial and social perspectives
Rob Marchant (University of York), Susannah Sallu (University of Leeds), Petra Tschakert (Penn State University), Ram Pandit (University of Western Australia), and Steve Cinderby (Stockholm Environment Institute) will meet within a workshop hosted by colleagues at SEI-Africa and University of Dar es Salaam in 2012 to develop a position/methods paper and form a research grouping focused on the development of hybrid scenarios over the coming years, feeding into both existing projects and developing opportunities in this research area.
- Dent, C. 2011. ‘Asia and Europe: Future Energy Security Challenges’ in P. van de Velde (ed.) Asia-Europe Meeting: Reaching Further, IIAS Leiden, Amsterdam.
- Fraser, E. D. G., A. J. Dougill, K. Hubacek, C. H. Quinn, J. Sendzimir, and M. Termansen. 2011. Assessing vulnerability to climate change in dryland livelihood systems: conceptual challenges and interdisciplinary solutions. Ecology and Society 16(3): 3.
- Quinn, C. H., G. Ziervogel, A. Taylor, T. Takama, and F. Thomalla. 2011. Coping with multiple stresses in rural South Africa. Ecology and Society 16(3): 2.
- Quinn, C.; Ockwell, D. 2010. The link between ecological and social paradigms and the sustainability of environmental management: a case study of semi-arid Tanzania, In: Lovett, J.C.; Ockwell, D. (Ed) Handbook for Environmental Management, Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd, pp.282-308.
- Paavola, J (2012) Climate Change: The Ultimate Tragedy of the Commons? , In: Cole, DH; Ostrom, E (Ed) Property in Land and Other Resources, Lincoln Institute for Land Policy, pp.417-433.
- Twyman, C., E. D. G. Fraser, L. C. Stringer, C. Quinn, A. J. Dougill, F. Ravera, T. A. Crane, and S. M. Sallu. 2011. Climate science, development practice, and policy interactions in dryland agroecological systems. Ecology and Society 16(3): 14.
- Sallu, SM; Twyman, C; Stringer, LC (2010) Resilient or vulnerable livelihoods? Assessing livelihood dynamics and trajectories in rural Botswana. Ecology and Society, 15(4): 3.
- Simelton, E., Quinn, C.H., Antwi-Agyei, P., Batisani, N., Dougill, A.J., Dyer, J., Fraser, E.D.G., Mkwambisi, D., Rosell, S., Sallu, S. and Stringer, L.C. (2011) African farmers’ perceptions of erratic rainfall, CCCEP Working Paper 73.